Essay on Fundamental Rights - Fastread.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Thus, when political institutions have been made representative and responsible, constitutional efforts have been made to empower people, especially the members of weaker sections to live in dignity with rights of liberty, equality and religious freedom. Initially, Constitution enshrined seven fundamental rights of citizens as a part of democratic polity.
The preamble of our constitution secures to all the citizens “Liberty of thoughts, expression, belief, faith and worship.” There are fundamental rights of the citizens. The rest of the preamble emphasises only the duties, “justice, and social economic and political”.
These enforceable rights were incorporated in the Part III of the Constitution. The non-justifiable rights were incorporated as a directive to the state to take all measures to provide those rights to individuals without any guarantee. They were incorporated in the part IV of the constitution and were called Directive Principles of State Policy.
The categories of fundamental rights enumerated in Part III of the Indian Constitution are not exhaustive and any right which is inextricably attached with any of the fundamental rights can be exercised with the same dignity as the basic fundamental rights itself. Thus, the scope of fundamental rights has been widened by catena of judgements.
The terms “fundamental rights” have not been defined in the Constitution. Article 12 imposes duty on the state to protect citizens for enjoying the Fundamental Rights. Each article has a distinct, important and valuable fundamental right empowering the citizens.
Fundamental Rights are sacro sanct and the supporting pillars of democracy as a form of government and as a way of life.. Democracy and inviolable fundamental rights go together. In this assignment I would like to elaborate the Fundamental Rights under the Constitution of India. Constitutionalism is an achievement of the modern world.
There are 6 types of fundamental rights 1) Rights to equality. 2) Right to freedom. 3) Right against exploitation. 4) Right to freedom of religion. 5) Cultural and educational rights. 6) Rights to constitutional remedies. The fundamentals duties are as follows 1) to respect national flag and anthem. 2) to protect sovereignty, unity and.